Organism All HSDs Description Download
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress) 4428 Background: Arabidopsis thaliana is a small flowering plant of mustard family, brassicaceae (Cruciferae). It is distributed throughout the world and was first reported in the sixteenth century by Johannes Thal. It has been used for over fifty years to study plant mutations and for classical genetic analysis. It is now being used as a model organism to study different aspects of plant biology.
GenBank accession: GCA_000001735.2
PubMed ID: 17986450
Arabidopsis lyrata 5302 Background: Arabidopsis lyrata belongs to family Brassicaceae and is closely related to the model plant species Arabidopsis thaliana. It is believed to have diverged from A. thaliana about 5 million years ago.
GenBank accession: GCA_000004255.1
PubMed ID: 21478890
Brassica oleracea (wild cabbage) 8918 Background: The genus Brassica includes several economically important plants. They are used as vegetables, fodder, and as a source of vegetable oil and condiments. Several species are rich in vitamins and anti-carcinogenic compounds. There are six Brassica species growing throughout the world.
GenBank accession: GCA_900416815.2
PubMed ID: 24916971
Carica papaya (papaya) 2094 Background: Carica papaya, is a short-lived perennial of tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It belongs to family Caricaceae. It grows to a height of about 10 meters as an unbranched tree with leaves confined to the top of the tree。
GenBank accession: GCA_000150535.1
PubMed ID: 18432245
Chlamydomonas eustigma 966 Background: Some microalgae are adapted to extremely acidic environments in which toxic metals are present at high levels. Chlamydomonas eustigma is an acidophilic species isolated from acid mine drainage.
GenBank accession: GCA_002335675.1
PubMed ID: 28893987
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Green alga) 1129 Background: Chlamydomonas is a genus of unicellular green algae found widely in fresh water, on damp soil, and a few occur in the sea. It has therefore been used as a model system to study photosynthesis and chloroplast biogenesis, mitochondrial biogenesis, flagellar assembly and motility, phototaxis, circadian rhythms, gametogenesis and mating, and cellular metabolism.
GenBank accession: GCA_000002595.3
PubMed ID: 17932292
Chlamydomonas sp. ICE-L 1540 Background: The ice alga Chlamydomonas sp. ICE-L is the main contributor to primary productivity in Antarctic sea ice ecosystems and is well adapted to the extremely harsh environment.
GenBank accession: GCA_013435795.1
PubMed ID: 32619486
Chlamydomonas sp. UWO 241 (Green alga) 1112 Background: This unicellular chlorophycean green alga-formerly called Chlamydomonas raudensis (Possmayer et al., 2016)-resides in the permanently ice-covered Lake Bonney (McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica) (Pocock et al., 2004) and is so attuned to cold water that it cannot grow above 18C, making it a true psychrophile (Morita, 1975).
GenBank accession: GCA_016618255.1
PubMed ID: 33644715
Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C-169 (Green alga) 360 Background: Coccomyxa is a genus of unicellular green alga. It comprises of both, free living species and those species that form symbiotic relationships with lichens. Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C-169 is small, elongated, non-motile and well adapted to survive under extremely cold conditions of Antarctica.
GenBank accession: GCA_000258705.1
PubMed ID: 22630137
Cucumis sativus (cucumber) 2891 Background: Cucumber is an important vegetable of the family Cucurbitaceae which includes several economically important species like melons, squashes, and pumpkins. They are annual or perennial plants found in the temperate and tropical regions of the world. Cucumber has a small genome of about 367 Mb that make it an attractive experimental model plant for genetic studies.
GenBank accession: GCA_000004075.3
PubMed ID: 31216035
Dunaliella salina (Green alga) 1589 Background: Dunaliella salina is a unicellular, biflagellate green alga belonging to family Clorophyaceae. It lacks a rigid cell wall and contains a single large chloroplast. It is tolerant to high salt concentrations in its environment and accumulates large amounts of carotenoids, including beta-carotene, under certain conditions of high salinity, light intensity or temperature.
GenBank accession: GCA_002284615.2
PubMed ID: 29074648
Fragilariopsis cylindrus (Diatom) 1129 Background: Fragilariopsis cylindrus is a pennate sea-ice diatom that is found native in the Argentine Sea and Antarctic waters, with a pH of 8.1-8.4. It is regarded as an indicator species for polar water.
GenBank accession: GCA_001750085.1
PubMed ID: 28092920
Glycine max (soybean) 11107 Background: Glycine max, is an annual herb of great economic importance. It belongs to family Fabaceae and tribe Phaseoleae which includes several other important legumes like beans, pigeon pea, black gram, mung bean etc. It is believed to have originated in Asia but is now cultivated extensively for food and forage throughout the world.
GenBank accession: GCA_000004515.5
PubMed ID: 20075913
Gonium pectorale (Green alga) 1028 Background: Gonium is a genus of colonial algae, a member of the order Chlamydomonadales. Typical colonies have 4 to 16 cells, all the same size, arranged in a flat plate, with no anterior-posterior differentiation.
GenBank accession: GCA_001584585.1
PubMed ID: 27102219
Musa acuminata (dwarf banana) 5489 Background: Musa spp consists of the various banana and plantain varieties. They constitute an important food crop that grows in the tropics but is consumed throughout the world. They are ranked as the fourth most important food crop of the world, after rice, wheat and corn. It is the most consumed fruit.
GenBank accession: GCA_000313855.2
PubMed ID: 24767119
Oryza sativa (rice) 4531 Background: Rice is one of the most important food crops in the world and feeds more people than any other crop. Rice belongs to the genus Oryza which includes approximately 24 species. They are widely distributed growing in different habitats and different soil types.
GenBank accession: GCA_001433935.1
PubMed ID: 23299411
Prunus persica (peach) 3454 Background: Prunus persica, peach, belongs to the family Rosaceae. Peach has been cultivated in China since 2000 BCE. The fruit was brought to India and Persia from which it reached Greece by 300 BC. Being diploid with 2n = 16 chromosomes and a small genome size of about 290 MB, peach has become the plant of choice to be developed as a model for genome study.
GenBank accession: GCA_000346465.2
PubMed ID: 23525075
Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) 4144 Background: Solanum lycopersicum has been used for a number of firsts in molecular genetics of plants. The use of RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) to generate a linkage map of a complete plant genome was done with tomato.
GenBank accession: GCA_000188115.3
PubMed ID: 20350329
Solanum tuberosum (potato) 4733 Background: Solanum tuberosum, potato, is a popular vegetable in the world. It is therefore economically and socially very significant. Development of underground tubers in potato makes it an interesting plant to study. It belongs to the family Solanaceae, an agriculturally important group which includes tomato, pepper, egg plant, tobacco, and petunia.
GenBank accession: GCA_000226075.1
PubMed ID: 21743474
Theobroma cacao (cacao) 3074 Background: Theobroma cacao is a perennial crop that is one of the most important for the tropics. The organism is native to the Americas - many indigenous Mesoamerican languages have words for the plant and its by-products. Archeologists have found evidence in pottery vessels from Honduras of cacao beverages being prepared and consumed as early as 1100 BC
GenBank accession: GCA_000208745.2
PubMed ID: 21186351
Vitis vinifera (wine grape) 4039 Background: Vitis vinifera is the most cultivated and economically important grape species. Grapes are not only consumed fresh but processed in making juice and wine. Though new cultivars of grapes have been developed over last few decades, their introduction into the market has been difficult.
GenBank accession: GCA_000003745.2
PubMed ID: 17721507
Volvox carteri (Green alga) 863 Background: Volvox carteri is a simple multicellular green alga that has recently evolved a simple germ-soma dichotomy with only two cell-types: large germ cells called gonidia and small terminally differentiated somatic cells.
GenBank accession: GCA_000143455.1
PubMed ID: 20616280
Zea mays (Maize) 6801 Background: Maize is an economically important crop, along with rice and wheat. It is the premier cash crop in the United States. In addition to being used as grain and fodder, it is also used extensively in pharmaceutical production as well as a commodity feedstock for other organic chemical products like rubber, ethanol and plastic.
GenBank accession: GCA_902167145.1
PubMed ID: 15542500


Organism All HSDs Description Download
Ailuropoda melanoleuca (giant panda) 2534 Background: The giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, is a critically endangered mammal confined to portions of six isolated mountain ranges in south-central China. There are fewer than 3,000 giant pandas currently alive in the wild and fewer than two hundred in captivity. The giant panda is unusual for feeding almost exclusively on bamboo plants though being evolutionarily related to meat-eating carnivores such as bears and dogs.
GenBank accession: GCA_002007445.2
PubMed ID: 20010809
Bos taurus (cattle) 2238 Background: Bos taurus (cow) is an agriculturally important animal; beef and milk production are the largest manufacturing industries in the United States. The cow is an important model organism for health research in obesity, female health, and infectious diseases.
GenBank accession: GCA_002263795.2
PubMed ID: 19393038
Canis lupus familiaris (dog) 2372 Background: The dog, Canis lupus familiaris, is a useful model organism for medical research due to extensive genetic diversity and morphological variation within the species and to aggressive breeding practices that have resulted in inbred populations of dogs.
GenBank accession: GCA_014441545.1
PubMed ID: 16341006
Danio rerio (zebrafish) 3799 Background: Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a small (4-5 cm in length) tropical fresh-water fish native to rivers of northern India, northern Pakistan, Nepal, and Bhutan in South Asia. This species has several advantages as a tool in research, including a short generation time, production of large clutches of eggs, external fertilization, and rapid embryogenesis, which is similar to that of higher vertebrates, that can be monitored through the transparent egg. Zebrafish is a widely used model organism for genetic studies in vertebrate development, developmental biology, and a variety of human congenital and genetic diseases.
GenBank accession: GCA_000002035.4
PubMed ID: 23594743
Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly) 782 Background: This fruit fly has lead the way as a model organism in the study of genetics, development and disease.Drosophila melanogasterhas been studied in biology labs for over eighty years.
GenBank accession: GCA_000001215.4
PubMed ID: 25589440
Equus caballus (horse) 2403 Background: quus caballus, the domestic horse, has played a crucial role in the development of human civilization. It has economic importance throughout the world and is used for transportation, work and entertainment. It is a model organism for research on biomechanics and exercise physiology.
GenBank accession: GCA_002863925.1
PubMed ID: 19892987
Felis catus (domestic cat) 2167 Background: Felis catus, the domestic cat, provides several valuable models for infectious disease, including a model for human AIDS. With a large number of recognized breeds, the cat is also a valuable resource for studying phenotypic diversity and evolution. The cat genome will further facilitate research in human medicine as some rare diseases that occur in humans also occur in this popular pet.
GenBank accession: GCA_018350175.1
PubMed ID: 8660972
Gadus morhua (Atlantic cod) 3269 Background: The Atlantic cod is a benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans. It is also commercially known as cod or codling. Dry cod may be prepared as unsalted stockfish, and as cured salt cod or clipfish.
GenBank accession: GCA_902167405.1
PubMed ID: 21832995
Gallus gallus (chicken) 2026 Background: The chicken is a domesticated form of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) that is native to Asia. The chicken is an important agricultural animal and has served as a model organism in many areas of biomedical research; it is one of the primary models for embryology and development, the study of viruses, and cancer.
GenBank accession: GCA_016699485.1
PubMed ID: 15972672
Gorilla gorilla (western gorilla) 2335 Background: Gorillas diverged from the human lineage one to two million years before chimpanzees and humans diverged from one another and, within approximately the past two million years, gorillas further speciated into western (Gorilla gorilla) and eastern (Gorilla beringei) gorilla species.
GenBank accession: GCA_008122165.1
PubMed ID: 16136134
Homo sapiens (human) 2178 Background: Study of the human condition such as genetic and infectious disease, the intersection between genetics and the environment, and population variation is supported by a wealth of genome-scale data.
GenBank accession: GCF_000001405.39
PubMed ID: 11237011
Hypsibius dujardini (Waterbear) 2290 Background: Tardigrades (water bears) have characters reminiscent of both arthropods, such as segmentation and limbs, and nematodes, such as a pharynx. This group is placed in the Ecdysozoa based on phylogenetic analysis of SSU rRNA. Multiple datasets indicate the Tardigrada are well-placed to root the phylogeny of ecdysozoan development.
GenBank accession: GCA_001579985.1
PubMed ID: 27035985
Loxodonta africana (African savanna elephant) 2027 Background: The African elephant, Loxodonta africana, is the heaviest land animal and has one of the longest lifespans among mammals. Elephants belong to the placental super clade Afrotheria, which is thought to include the most primitive placental mammals. The Loxodonta africana haploid genome is estimated to be 3000 Mb.
GenBank accession: GCA_000001905.1
PubMed ID: 21364892
Meleagris gallopavo (turkey) 1486 Background: The turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an agriculturally important avian specie with a genome very similar to that of the chicken. Expanding the marker and map information for turkey will also improve genetic information available for other agriculturally important avian species.
GenBank accession: GCA_000146605.4
PubMed ID: 20838655
Mus musculus (house mouse) 2402 Background: The mouse is one of the major organisms for modeling human disease and comparative genome analysis. There are over 450 inbred strains of mice, providing a wealth of different genotypes and phenotypes for genetic and other studies. In addition, thousands of spontaneous, radiation- or chemically-induced, and transgenic mutants provide potential models for human disease. The sequence of the mouse genome will facilitate a better understanding of the human genome and provide an important tool for biomedical research.
GenBank accession: GCA_000001635.9
PubMed ID: 21750661
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) 2434 Background: The brown rat, also known as the common rat, street rat, sewer rat, wharf rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat and Parisian rat, is a widespread species of common rat. One of the largest muroids, it is a brown or grey rodent with a head and body length of up to 28 cm long, and a tail slightly shorter than that.
GenBank accession: GCA_015227675.2
PubMed ID: 15057822
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast) 397 Background: Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a species of yeast. The species has been instrumental in winemaking, baking, and brewing since ancient times. It is believed to have been originally isolated from the skin of grapes.
GenBank accession: GCA_003086655.1
PubMed ID: 30069045